Maven by Example
In this chapter, we introduce a simple project created from scratch using the Maven Archetype plugin. This elementary application provides us with the opportunity to discuss some core Maven concepts while you follow along with the development of the project.
Before you can start using Maven for complex, multi-module builds, we have to start with the basics. If you’ve used Maven before, you’ll notice that it does a good job of taking care of the details. Your builds tend to “just work,” and you only really need to dive into the details of Maven when you want to customize the default behavior or write a custom plugin. However, when you do need to dive into the details, a thorough understanding of the core concepts is essential. This chapter aims to introduce you to the simplest possible Maven project and then presents some of the core concepts that make Maven a solid build platform. After reading it, you’ll have a fundamental understanding of the build lifecycle, Maven repositories, dependency management, and the Project Object Model (POM).
This chapter develops a very simple example which will be used to explore core concepts of Maven. If you follow the steps described in this chapter, you shouldn’t need to download the examples to recreate the code produced by the Maven. We will be using the Maven Archetype plugin to create this simple project and this chapter doesn’t modify the project in any way. If you would prefer to read this chapter with the final example source code, this chapter’s example project may be downloaded with the book’s example code at:
Unzip this archive in any directory, and then go to the ch-simple/ directory. There you will see a directory named simple/ that contains the source code for this chapter.